The Screw Turbine is a further development of the Screw Pump. Whereas the Screw Pump pumps the water up, in the Screw Turbine the water flows down. The Turbine rotates due to the flow of the water and energy is transferred to the drive unit. The generated energy is transformed by a generator into electricity. A single Screw Turbine can produce up to 500 kW and a number of Screw Turbines can be placed parallel or in series. Project sizes typically vary between 50 and 2000 kW.
The Spaans Babcock Screw Turbine is probably the most efficient technology for low head hydropower sites. Unique is the fish friendliness, long lifetime and minimal operating costs. Spaans Babcock offers grid connected, off-grid and hybrid systems.
Spaans Babcock can offer the full solution, including gates, screens, remote monitoring and control and after-sales and spares supply.
|With a steel trough, the lifetime of the trough will be extended compared to a concrete trough, the adjustment with the Turbine is optimized as the steel trough is preassembled in our factory.|
|This type has a self supporting trough with integrated drive unit. The advantage of this type is the very simple installation and the low civil costs. The complete unit is preassembled in our factory.|
|For this type the concrete trough will be screeded by the Screw Turbine itself, the concrete is formed by the Screw Turbine.|
|Tube Screw Turbine|
|Similar advantages as the compact type but fully enclosed and preassembled in our factory.|
The Spaans Babcock Screw Turbine is robust, extremely reliable and has a long life time. The Spaans Babcock Screw Turbine consists of only a few wear parts. The low rotational frequency results in low wear and very low maintenance costs. A lifetime exceeding 30 years is not an exception, whereas the efficiency stays constant over the years.
The Screw Turbine is especially suitable for low heads, already starting from 1 m. This may go up to 12 m for a single stage, or 24 m for a two stage installation.
The efficiency curve shows a flat and high efficiency over a wide range of the capacity. Varying heads and capacity hardly have any effect on the efficiency.
The Screw Turbine does not need any grease pump for lubrication of the bottom bearing. This improves the efficiency and lowers the operational costs.
The Screw Turbine has a very high efficiency compared to other types of small turbines.
Several tests have demonstrated the fish friendliness of the Screw Turbine and Screw Pump. The Screw Pump can also be used as a fish ladder by pumping the fish.
Large solid particles, such as plastic, wood or small stones, can pass the Screw Turbine, without having any effect on the Screw Turbine or its efficiency.
For safety reasons, only a simple static bar screen is required upstream of the Screw Turbine. This saves costs, prevents head loss and allows fish to pass.
The Screw Turbine can be designed with variable and fixed speeds. Each system will be designed to match flow patterns and as such optimise revenue.
The power production is up to 500 kW per Screw Turbine.
The Screw Turbine can handle flows from 100 l/sec up to 15 m3/sec per Screw Turbine.
Multi-Stage and parallel systems are possible. The system will be designed to maximise revenue from higher heads or larger flows than is possible with a single Turbine.
Cleaning of the Screw Turbine is not necessary. The Screw Turbine is self-cleaning. There will be no efficiency loss due to dirt build up.
Civil construction costs for the Screw Turbine are generally lower than for other types of turbines. Screw Turbine systems are specifically designed to suit existing civil layouts.
Optimal design of the Turbine and control system helps to minimize or eliminate noise generation.